U.S. President Donald Trump decried the “savage” Manchester suicide bombing
as he bluntly badgered NATO leaders to pay their fair share of defence costs to
stop global terrorism in its tracks.

Mr. Trump, attending his first formal summit as President, used an unveiling
of a Sept. 11, 2001, memorial at the new NATO headquarters in Brussels as the
backdrop Thursday to scold fellow alliance leaders to forcefully take on
Islamist extremists behind bombings in Manchester and elsewhere.

“It was a barbaric and vicious attack upon our civilization,” Mr. Trump said.
“All people who cherish life must unite behind finding, exposing and removing
these killers and extremists.”

Opinion: Canada doesn’t deserve its reputation as a defence laggard

British Prime Minister Theresa May complained to Mr. Trump about a stream of
U.S. leaks to American media of crucial intelligence about the Manchester
attack, which included the publication of forensic photographs of the bomb site
by The New York Times. “I will make clear to President Trump that intelligence
that is shared between our law-enforcement agencies must remain secure,” Ms. May said in a statement.

Many of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization leaders were grim-faced during
Mr. Trump’s remarks, although Prime Minister Justin Trudeau showed no emotion as
the President railed at them for failing to spend 2 per cent of economic output
on defence.

“Two per cent is the bare minimum for confronting today’s very real and very
vicious threats,” Mr. Trump said.

Only five of the 28 alliance states meet that spending target, with Canada in
a three-way tie for 20th

“NATO members must finally contribute their fair share and meet their
financial obligations. But 23 of 28 members are not paying what they should be
paying and what they are supposed to be paying for their defence,” the President

Mr. Trump also took a swipe at NATO for spending $1.2-billion (U.S.) on new
headquarters in the Belgium capital.

“I never asked once what the new NATO headquarters cost. I refuse to do so,”
he said. Later he pushed aside Montenegro’s Prime Minister Dusko Markovic to
get in front for the official leaders photo.

Mr. Trump declined to reiterate a long-standing U.S. commitment to the
alliance’s mutual pledge to defend any member under attack. He had first cast
doubt on the provision during the
presidential election. The alliance has only once invoked Article 5 – the day
after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, which triggered NATO’s participation in the
war in Afghanistan.

He did, however, offer some solace to NATO leaders who are anxious about the
U.S. investigation into possible collusion between Mr. Trump’s campaign and the
Kremlin, saying the alliance must be vigilant to Russian threats in Eastern
Europe and the Baltics.

Even before the British atrocity, Mr. Trump had drawn up a NATO shopping
list, including a call to boost defence spending, join the U.S.-led coalition in
Iraq and Syria and dispatch more military trainers to Afghanistan to counter the
rise of the Taliban.

Mr. Trudeau came to Brussels armed with a ready response to Mr. Trump’s call
for more money and troops, promising to unveil a new defence policy on June 7.
He argued Canada does more than its fair share, even though military spending
accounts for only 1 per cent of GDP.

“Canada has always been recognized as one of the go-to partners in NATO, a
country that consistently steps up and steps forward and delivers on the
capabilities internationally for NATO operations,” Mr. Trudeau told

At the dinner wrapping up the summit on Thursday evening, Mr. Trudeau’s communications director, Kate Purchase,
said the Prime Minister made a “very passionate” plea for NATO unity.

“He talked about it kind of being the club of the good guys,” she said. “He
talked about the need for unity around the table and why it was important for
every country to step up whether it is through spending or whether it was
through contributions or capabilities.” Ms. Purchase
said the Mr. Trump gave Mr. Trudeau a thumbs-up and other
leaders loudly applauded his remarks.

In this remarks earlier in the day, Mr. Trudeau maintained Canada is already
playing an active role in the fight against Islamic terrorism and doesn’t plan
to send more troops to Iraq or recommit Canadian forces to Afghanistan, a war
that claimed the lives of 161 Canadians.

“We served and did a tremendous amount in Afghanistan for a decade. … We have
no troops in Afghanistan at this time, but we are happy to be supporting in
other ways,” he said.

Mr. Trudeau also played down Canada’s decision to quietly withdraw one of two
military surveillance aircraft from Iraq.

“There was nothing surprising or sudden about this,” he said. “This is simply
part of a regular rotation that was foreseen, that other countries were going to
step in after a normal rotation by Canadians.”

He noted about 200 Canadian special forces are in Iraq, CF-18 fighter jets
are part of a NATO reconnaissance force in Iceland and the country is heading up
a 1,200-member NATO mission in Latvia.

With Manchester on the minds of all the leaders, Mr. Trudeau said one of the
biggest roles Canada plays in the war against terrorism is the intelligence
picked up by Canada’s ultrasecret
eavesdropping agency, known as the Communications Security Establishment.

“I am not going to go into details but there are many, many occasions upon
which we have directly participated and other occasions benefited from
information sharing between security agencies and at the highest levels,” he

He would not say if Canada had provided help to the British in the hunt for
the terrorists behind the Manchester bombing.

Nor would the Prime Minister say whether he had any concerns about Mr. Trump
sharing highly classified intelligence – reportedly from Israel – with Russian
Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov during a meeting in the Oval Office earlier
this month.

When pressed on the intelligence leaks about which Ms. May complained to Mr. Trump, Mr. Trudeau would
only say that Canada and its allies would continue to share intelligence with
the United States, which has the world’s most
sophisticated spying and eavesdropping operation.

“The track record has shown that collaboration and co-operation between
allies, friends and partners has saved lives and keeps all of our citizens
safe,” he said.

Hours before the summit officially started, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg announced that the military alliance will join the
U.S.-led coalition fighting the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

“This will send a strong political message of NATO’s commitment to the fight
against terrorism,” Mr. Stoltenberg
told a news conference. “But it does not mean that NATO will engage in combat

Germany, France and Italy had concerns about NATO formally joining the
coalition, for fear it could drag the alliance into a ground war and strain
relations with Middle East countries.

Mr. Stoltenberg
said NATO would expand the role of its AWACS surveillance planes and air-to-air
refuelling for coalition operations, as well as stepping up training of Iraqi
forces.He also announced that a special terrorism centre will be set up at the
new NATO headquarters to co-ordinate anti-terror intelligence and planning.

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